The intolerance to gluten causes intestinal symptoms such as excessive gas, pain in the stomach, diarrhea or constipation, but as these signs also appear in several diseases, many times the intolerance is not diagnosed. In addition, when the intolerance is severe, it can cause Celiac Disease, which causes symptoms more severe and frequent abdominal pain and diarrhea.
This allergy to gluten can occur in children and adults, and happens due to the inability or difficulty in digesting gluten, which is a protein present in wheat, rye and barley, and its treatment consists of the removal of this protein from the diet.
However, if you are having difficulty in identifying your symptoms, see how to differentiate each one to facilitate the diagnosis:
1. Abdominal discomfort
When there is intolerance after ingestion of foods with wheat, barley or rye is the common symptoms such as excessive gas, distended belly, diarrhea or constipation. In addition to the malaise abdominal, the cells of the intestine are also damaged, causing poor absorption of vitamins and minerals.
How to differentiate: The pain of intolerance is recurrent and is typically accompanied by gas and changes in bowel especially after eating bread, cakes or pasta, while the pain of gastritis, for example, always occurs after meals or when you stay too much time without eating.
The ingestion of gluten may cause dizziness, mental confusion, disorientation, or a sensation of tiredness after the meal, but these symptoms are not usually related to intolerance, and therefore go unnoticed.
How to differentiate: The dizziness caused by intolerance appears even when one is well-fed and well-rested, not having a relationship with the excess of physical activity or changes in blood pressure.
3. Mood changes
Due to the discomfort of the bowel, it is common that changes occur in the mood especially after meals, with symptoms of irritability, anxiety or sadness.
These frequent changes of mood can also cause tiredness and fatigue even after a good night’s sleep. This happens because the body is focused on tackling the inflammation in the intestine, wasting all the energy that would give encouragement and provision for a new day.
4. Chronic migraines
In general, the migraine caused by this intolerance begin about 30 to 60 minutes after the meal, and may also occur the symptoms of blurry vision and pain around the eyes.
How to differentiate: migraine headaches common do not have time to start and are usually linked to the consumption of coffee or alcohol, not having a relationship with food rich in wheat flour.
5. Itchy skin
The inflammation in the intestine caused by intolerance can cause dryness and itchiness in the skin, creating small red dots. However, this symptom sometimes also can be connected to a worsening of the symptoms of psoriasis and lupus.
How to differentiate: it is important to remove from the diet foods with wheat, barley or rye, such as cakes, breads and pasta, to check if there are improvements in the itching with the change of power.
6. Muscle pain
The consumption of gluten can cause or increase the symptoms of muscle pain, in the joints and in the tendons, medically called fibromyalgia. It is also common to occur swelling, mainly in the joints of the fingers, the knees and the hip.
How to differentiate: it is important to remove foods with wheat, barley and rye of the power supply and check if the symptoms of pain improve.
7. Lactose intolerance
It is common for lactose intolerance if present along with gluten intolerance. So, people who already have the diagnosis of lactose intolerance are more likely to display an intolerance to foods with wheat, barley and rye, and should be more attentive to the symptoms.
How do you know if it is intolerance
In the presence of these symptoms, it is ideal to do tests that confirm the diagnosis of intolerance, such as examination of blood, stool, urine or a biopsy of the bowel.
In addition, one should exclude from the diet all products that contain this protein, such as flour, bread, biscuit and cake, and see if the symptoms disappear or not.
How to live with gluten intolerance
After the diagnosis, one must remove from the diet all foods containing this protein, such as wheat flour, pasta, bread, cakes and biscuits. It is possible to find several special products that do not contain this protein, such as pasta, bread, biscuits and cakes made from flours that are allowed in the diet, as the flour from rice, cassava, corn, cornmeal, potato starch, cassava, tapioca flour, and tapioca flour sour.