Czech Republic – key data
Area: 78,867 km² (of which land: 77,247 km², water: 1,620 km²)
Population: 10.2 million (July 2011 estimate, CIA). Composition: Czechs 90.4%, Moravians 3.7%, Slovaks 1.9%, others 4% (2001 census).
Population density: 129 people per km²
Population growth: -0.12% per year (2011, CIA)
Capital: Prague (1.2 million residents, June 2008)
Highest point: Snezka (Schneekoppe), 1,602 m
Lowest point: Elbe, 115 m
Form of government: The Czech Republic has been a republic since 1993. The Czech constitution dates from the same year, the last constitutional amendment was made in 2000. The Czechhouses of Parliamentconsists of two chambers, the House of Representatives (Poslanecká snìmovna, 200 deputies) and the Senate (81 senators). The Czech Republic peacefully separated from Slovakia on January 1, 1993. The Czech Republic has been a member of the European Union since May 1, 2004.
Administrative division: 14 regions (kraj, plural: kraje): Jihocesky, Jihomoravsky, Karlovarsky, Kralovehradecky, Liberecky, Moravskoslezsky, Olomoucky, Pardubicky, Plzensky, Praha, Stredocesky, Ustecky, Vysocina and Zlinsky
Head of State: President Milos Zeman, since March 8, 2013
Head of Government: Prime Minister Peter Necas, since June 28, 2010
Language: Czech 94.9%, Slovak 2%, other 2.3%, no answer 0.8% (2001 census)
Religion: Roman Catholic 26.8%, Protestant 2.1%, Others 3.3%, no information 8.8%, not religiously affiliated 59% (2001 census)
Local time: CET. Between the last Sunday in March and the last Sunday in October there is summer time in the Czech Republic (CET + 1 hour).
The time difference to Central Europe is 0 h in both winter and summer.
International phone code: +420
Mains voltage: 220 V, 50 Hz
According to Youremailverifier, the Czech Republic is a country in Central Europe and borders in the west and northwest Germany, to the north and north-east to Poland, to the east and south-east to the Slovak Republic and to the south to Austria. The total area of the Czech Republic is 78,867 square kilometers.
The Czech Republic is framed on three sides by mountains that wrap around the country in the shape of a horseshoe. Only in the south does the horseshoe give way to Austria. The mountain ranges frame a gently undulating landscape of hills and basins, which is used intensively for agriculture because of its fertile soils. The appearance of the country is shaped by two completely different mountain massifs in terms of geological history: The Bohemian massif, which was formed a long time ago, whose folding, which took place 65 million years ago, formed the basis for western and central Czechia. The Carpathian Mountains, which are still relatively young from a geological point of view, dominate the east of the Czech Republic.
The mountain arch around the Czech Republic in the shape of a horseshoe consists of the following low mountain ranges: Bohemian Forest, Ore Mountains, Elbe Sandstone Mountains, Lusatian Mountains range, Jizera Mountains as well as the Giant, Eagle and Jeseníky Mountains. They all formed from the fringes of the Bohemian Massif. The Bohemian Forest is mainly used for forest and pasture management and was previously an important branch of the economy for the country due to its wood and glass industry. Also of importance was the Ore Mountains, where iron, silver, tin, lead and copper, and later bismuth, cobalt and uranium ore, were mined since the 12th century. The Elbe Sandstone Mountains were against it Discovered by tourism, as the picturesque rocks and table mountains offer experienced climbers excellent terrain. Volcanic mountains are found in the south of the Ore Mountains, where the remnants of a huge volcanic cone are located. The volcanic activity is also responsible for the large number of thermal and mineral springs with which Northwest Bohemia once established a flourishing spa business.
The east of the Czech Republic is bordered by the Carpathian Mountains, which is also divided by basin landscapes. Grain and sugar beet are grown in the fertile basin of the South Moravian hill country, while the wet meadows of the marsh floodplains are used as pastureland.
The Giant Mountains forms the border between the Czech Republic and Poland. This is where the highest mountain on Czech soil rises: the Schneekoppe, which at 1,602 meters lies exactly on the border between the two countries.
The heartland of the Czech Republic is the Bohemian Basin, interspersed with small low mountain ranges, a hill country, in which smaller basins are in turn interspersed. This extremely fertile region merges into the Danube lowlands in the southeast.
The longest and most famous river in the Czech Republic is the Vltava. It rises in the Bohemian Forest and crosses the country over a length of 433 kilometers until it meets the Elbe near Prague flows out. Also significant are the March, which runs on the eastern border with Slovakia, and the Thaya, which runs in meanders and separates the Czech Republic from its neighbor Austria.
Czech Republic climate
The seasons in Czech Republic differ significantly. In the summer (June to August), there is the highest temperatures and heaviest rains. The winter months December, January and February are cold, down to -5 ° C in the cities and -10 to -15 ° C in the mountain regions (-30 ° C in higher altitudes). In the Czech mountains it snows for up to 130 days. The spring (late March to May) is changeable with rain and partly floods. The autumn is also changeable, in September to temperatures of up to 20 ° C can be achieved.