Funen, in Danish Fyn [fy ː n], Denmark’s second largest island, between the Great and Little Belt, 2,985 km 2, 459,600 residents.
Funen formed by 2007 Langeland, Ærø, Tåsinge islands and islets, the Office Funen (3,486 km 2, 475,100 residents, capital was Odense), since 2007 part of Funen to South Denmark.
Most of the island is flat (ground moraine cover); Terminal moraine ranges reach a height of 131 m above sea level (in the west). The agricultural use includes the cultivation of wheat, barley, fodder and sugar beet, vegetables and fruit as well as pig and dairy farming. The main industrial locations are Odense, Svendborg and Nyborg. Funen is connected to the mainland near Middelfart by two bridges over the Little Belt. In 1997/98 a fixed connection (combined bridge and tunnel construction) was completed between Funen and the island of Zealand over the Great Belt.
Alsen, Danish Als, island in the Little Belt, Denmark, 312 km 2, 50 400 residents; separatedfrom the mainland (Jutland)by the only 200 m wide Alssund, bridge near the main town of Sønderborg; Ferry to Fyn: from Fynshav to Bøjden. Als has industry in the north and agriculture on fertile soils in the south.
Anholt, Danish island in the Kattegat, built from glacial moraines, 22 km 2, with 10 km 2 large drifting sand desert Ørkenen (nature reserve); small port in the village of Anholt (150 residents), with ferry to Grenaa, Jutland.
Bornholm, Danish island in the Baltic Sea, with 589 km 2 and 40 200 residents; the capital is Rønne. The population lives mainly from agriculture, fishing and tourism. Several inland round churches from the 12th century, which also served as refuges, have been preserved.
Møn [mø ː n, Danish], Mön, island southeast of Zealand, Denmark, 218 km 2, 10,600 residents; The main town is Stege on the northwest coast. Møn is connected to Zealand by a bridge and a dam with the small island Bogø (13 km 2) to the west, flat and fertile in the west (sugar beet cultivation, livestock farming), and increasingly hilly to the east (up to 143 m above sea level). In Møns Klint (128 m above sea level), chalk cliffs fall from the Senon perpendicular to the Baltic Sea.
Falster, Baltic island south of Zealand, Denmark, 514 km 2, up to 44 m above sea level, 42,300 residents. Falster is separated from Lolland by Guldborgsund, from Zealand by Storstrømmen, from Møn by Grønsund; the first two are crossed by bridges that are part of the bird flight line. Falster has a hilly moraine landscape, which is mainly used for agriculture (wheat, sugar beet, fruit); Sugar factories. The main town is Nykøbing. From Gedser, the southernmost point of Denmark (Gedser Odde), train ferry to Rostock; Tourism (seaside resorts on the south coast).
Lolland [ l ɔ lan], Danish Baltic Sea Island, 1243 km 2, 60 600 residents; up to 25 m above sea level, connected to Falster (in the east) by two road and one railway bridge over the shallow Guldborg Sound. Vegetables, sugar beets, barley, oats and fruit are grown. Lolland is poorly developed industrially (especially sugar factories). Ferry connection with Puttgarden (on Fehmarn).
Langeland [-lan], Danish island in the south of the Great Belt, 284 km 2, 12,300 residents. The steep, partly wooded hills (up to 46 m above sea level) are a terminal moraine of the last Ice Age; Beach lakes on the west coast, some cliffs on the east coast. The fertile hill country is mainly used for agriculture. The capital is Rudkøbing, from there the high bridge to Tåsinge and Fyn; Ferry traffic.
Ærø [.epsilon. ː rø], Danish island south of Funen, 88 km 2, 6 400 residents; Tourism. The main places are Æerøskøbing, with the model and bottle ship museum (many houses are under monument protection), and Marstal, a port with a ship model collection, marina, shipping companies and nautical school.
Zealand, (Danish Sjælland), the main island of Denmark, which lies between the Great Belt and the Sound, with 7 031 km 2 and 2.24 million residents. Copenhagen is in the east. The fertile island is used intensively for agriculture.
According to Youremailverifier, Odense [ o ː ðənsə], is the third largest city in Denmark, in the region South Denmark, the Office was until 2007 seat Funen, 176 700 residents; Lutheran bishopric; University (opened in 1966), Conservatory; Funen, collegiate (art), cultural-historical, railway, open-air museum (“Det fynske Landsby”), Carl-Nielsen-Museum, birthplace of H. C. Andersen, state archive; Television station, theater; Zoo; Trade center, shipyard, steel, electrotechnical, machine, food, plastic, packaging, textile and clothing, rubber and paper industry, wood processing, large power station. The port is through the 8.2 km long Odensekanal with the Odensefjord (Bodden on the northeast coast of the island of Funen, up to 9 km wide, at the entrance only 500 m) connected; Airport.
In the Gothic Sankt Knuds Kirke (cathedral, 13th – 15th centuries) there is the All Saints Altar by C. Berg (1517–22), from whom the epitaph for King Hans († 1513) and his family also comes. Sankt Hans Kirke (mainly 15th century) is Gothic, while Vor Frue Kirke (13th century) is late Romanesque. The Fredenskirke (1916-20) was built by P. V. Jensen-Klint. Of the four-wing complex of the castle, three wings go back to monastery buildings from the 15th and 16th centuries. The former textile factory “Brandts Klædefabrik” has been converted into a cultural center.
Odense, first mentioned in 988 as Othensve (Odin’s sanctuary), was a mint in the 11th century. After the Reformation (1530 first appearance of the Lutheran creed) the city adopted a Protestant church order in 1539. 1815–47 Odense was the seat of governor of the Crown Prince’s royal seat.