According to JIBIN123, Plyos stands on the banks of the Volga River in the Ivanovo region. Plyos was first mentioned in the Novgorod chronicle for 1141. Then the Prince of Vladimir Vsevolod the Big Nest founded a guard outpost on the banks of the Volga. However, in the 13th century the city was destroyed by the Mongol-Tatars. In 1410, the son of Dmitry Donskoy, Prince Vasily I, after the attack of the Golden Horde on Moscow, ordered to build a new outpost on the site of the burnt outpost. The restored city-fortress did not last long. At the beginning of the 17th century, the Poles captured it, and after their expulsion, due to the expansion of the principality, the need for a fortified outpost disappeared. Only at the end of the 17th century stone structures began to be built in the city. Economically advantageous location of Plyos led to the fact that it began to develop as a trading port city. From here they traded flour and homespun linen. In 1778, Plyos received the status of a county town. By that time, Plyos was already known throughout the state for its silk, paper, linen and woolen goods, jewelry and products of local blacksmiths and wood carvers. 1871 was a turning point in the history of the city – the Ivanovo – Kineshma railway line was launched. Ples turned out to be aloof from the new trade route and immediately lost the status of a trading city, moreover, most of the artisans moved to Kineshma. Today Ples is a small town located in picturesque places. Tourists are attracted by the nature of this region, clean air and silence, which distinguishes Ples from the major cities of the Golden Ring. Cathedral Hill is located in the historical part of the city, where in ancient times fortress walls rose. Despite the fact that there are no special architectural sights here, the Mountain has not been built up to this day. An alley is laid around it, where local residents and guests of the city like to walk. Cathedral Hill has been the administrative center of the city since ancient times, as evidenced by the remains of a defensive rampart. Now the Assumption Cathedral stands in this place. It was founded in 1699. The cathedral is an excellent example of the provincial variant of the Moscow Baroque. Opposite is a building. There are places (18th century), and nearby you can see a monument to Prince Vasily I, who in 1410 gave Plyos a second birth.
In 1982, the Plyos State Historical, Architectural and Art Museum-Reserve was opened in Plyos. About 300 monuments of history, culture and nature are concentrated on its territory. The exposition of the museum includes the Memorial House-Museum of I.I. Levitan, Landscape Museum and Exhibition of Folk and Decorative and Applied Art. House-Museum of I.I. Levitan was opened in 1972. The famous artist Isaac Ilyich Levitan came to Plyos more than once in the 80s of the 19th century, here he wrote more than 200 of his works. The museum is located in the house where the artist lived and worked. By visiting it, you will get acquainted with the biography of I.I. Levitan, his works, and you will also see the paintings of his contemporaries.
The Landscape Museum was founded in 1997. The exposition of the museum demonstrates various areas of Russian and Soviet landscape art, the formation of the Russian landscape school. The exhibition of folk and arts and crafts is dedicated to the art crafts of the region.
Pushkinskiye Gory, Pskovskaya oblast (Russia)
The village of Pushkinskiye Gory is located 120 km southeast of Pskov. It is known for the fact that the State Memorial Historical, Literary and Natural Landscape Museum-Reserve of A.S. Pushkin “Mikhailovskoe” is located here.. This place is associated with the work of the famous Russian writer. By decree of Empress Elizaveta Petrovna, the lands in the vicinity of the Pushkin Mountains were granted eternal possession to Pushkin’s great-grandfather, Abram Petrovich Gannibal. It was here that in the 30s of the 19th century A.S. Pushkin was in exile. In 1992, the family estate was declared reserved. The structure of the reserve includes: the museum-estate “Mikhailovskoye”, the museum-estate “Trigorskoye”, the museum-estate “Petrovskoye”, the museum “Mill in the village of Bugrovo”, the scientific and cultural center, the Svyatogorsky monastery and the grave of A.S. Pushkin. In total, more than seventy monuments of history and culture are located on the territory of the museum-reserve, and its fund includes about 37,000 items. The greatest value is the collection of things belonging to the Hannibal-Pushkin family, which at different times were acquired from the descendants of a great family. By visiting these places, you will be able to get acquainted with the life and work of Pushkin of the Mikhailovsky period, his environment, the life of the Russian village of the early 19th century and the noble estates of that time. Near the local Svyatogorsk monastery (16th century), the ashes of A.S. Pushkin. He was buried here in 1837. Grave of A.S. Pushkin is crowned with a marble monument.
Roslavl, Smolensk region (Russia)
Roslavl is located in the southern part of the Smolensk region, 123 kilometers southeast of Smolensk.
The city was founded in 1137 by the Smolensk prince Rostislav on the occupied lands of the Radimichi and was called Rostislavl. Rostislavl was far from trade routes and was a stronghold of princely power.
Today, the old town of Roslavl has been declared a protected area. Here you can see the remains of earthen fortifications of the 12th century, which have been preserved on the site of the ancient settlement, and many churches – the Baroque Assumption Church (end of the 18th century), the Resurrection Church of the early 19th century, the Ascension Church (1821-1832), the Peter and Paul Fortress (mid-19th century), Kazan-Pyatnitskaya Church (mid-19th century). The five-domed cathedral in the classical style of the Spaso-Preobrazhensky Monastery, founded in the 16th century on the banks of the Oster River, is very beautiful. The ensemble of the monastery is surrounded by three-meter walls with gates. From the architecture of the late 19th century, the buildings of the former City Duma and the Nobility Assembly have been preserved in the city center. The Roslavl Historical and Art Museum is especially popular among tourists.. It was founded in 1918 and is now located in a two-story 19th century mansion. The exhibition hall of the museum is located in the Kazan-Pyatnitskaya church. The Historical and Art Museum tells about the history and culture of the region. Here are collected archaeological materials from excavations at local settlements of the 12th century, an ethnographic collection with samples of peasant costume, household items, utensils and tools, materials about the course of the Second World War – trophies, personal belongings of battle participants and front-line newspapers, as well as an art collection that has more than 1.5 thousand objects of painting, graphics, sculpture and arts and crafts masters of the Smolensk region.