Systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disease that causes the cells of the defence of the person attack your own healthy cells causing inflammation in the joints, skin, eyes, kidneys, brain, heart or lungs, not being a type of cancer.
Usually, the lupus symptoms will arise after the birth, but, in some cases, can arise years later due to an infection, use of certain medications, or even due to the exaggerated exposure to the sun, for example.
Although lupus has no cure, there are some treatments that help relieve the symptoms and prevent these from reappearing for this reason, it is recommended to be accompanied by the rheumatologist.
The main symptoms of lupus
These symptoms will vary in each case, depending on the organs affected and, therefore, it can be difficult to diagnose the disease, especially because it presents symptoms that can indicate other diseases. Learn more about how is the diagnosis made of the disease in: How to know if it is lupus.
The symptoms can appear quickly or go if developed over time, and may become permanent but usually improves with treatment.
As is done in the treatment of lupus
The treatment varies according to the symptoms manifested by the patient and, therefore, it is advised to consult the medical specialist according to the type of symptom and the organ affected.
However, the treatments most commonly used in cases of lupus are:
- Remedies anti-inflammatory drugs, such as Naproxen or Ibuprofen: these are mainly used when lupus causes symptoms such as pain, swelling or fever;
- Drugs antimalarials, such as Chloroquine, as they help prevent the development of symptoms of lupus in some cases;
- Remedies corticoids, such as Prednisone or Betamethasone: reduce inflammation of the affected organs;
- Drugs immunosuppressive drugs: such as Azathioprine or Methotrexate to decrease the action of the immune system and relieve the symptoms. However, this type of medication has serious side effects such as recurrent infections and increased risk of cancer and, therefore, should be used only in the most serious cases.
Some remedies may have side effects that affect the eyes causing pain, redness and inflammation and if this happens the doctor can assess if there is the possibility of changing the medicine for another that is similar that does not this same side effect. Learn more at: 7 rheumatic Diseases that can affect the eyes.
How food can help
The appropriate foods are the foods with anti-inflammatory drugs, such as:
- Salmon, tuna, cod, herring, horsetail, sardines and trout because they are rich in omega 3
- Green tea, garlic, oatmeal, onion, broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage, flaxseed, soy, tomatoes and grapes, since they are antioxidants
- Avocado, orange, sour orange, lemon, tomato, onion, carrot, lettuce, cucumber, turnip, cabbage, sprouted grain, sugar beet, lentil, because they are foods alkalizing.
In addition, it is also recommended that you invest in organic foods and whole grain and plenty of water to drink every day. Here’s a menu that helps control the symptomsof the disease.
Main types of lupus
This disease can be divided into 3 main categories, including:
- Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Causes inflammation in various organs of the body, especially the heart, kidneys and lungs, causing different symptoms according to the affected locations.
- Lupus Discoide
Cause the appearance of lesions only on the skin, not affecting other organs. However, some patients with systemic lupus discoide, can display the evolution of the disease to systemic lupus.
- Lupus induced by drugs
It is a inflammation temporarily skin that arises due to the use of certain drugs.Although it presents symptoms similar to lupus, this type disappears when it stops using the medicine, leaving the healed person.
What causes lupus
This is an autoimmune disease that is usually caused by genetic mutations that occur during the development of the fetus in the womb and, therefore, it is very common for onset of symptoms during childhood.
However, it is possible to be born without the disease and develop symptoms only during adulthood, due to factors that can cause the disease such as exposure to the sun, infections, or the use of medications, such as antibiotics, or medicines for high blood pressure.
How to protect the skin
When lupus causes sores and patches on the body the skin is more sensitive to burns and damage to skin sun and UV rays, which increases the chances of skin cancer. The best way to protect yourself is to cover the affected skin and avoid exposure to the sun. Wear sunscreen daily, yet that does not make the sun, a hat, sunglasses and clothes that cover the skin are great ways to prevent injuries promote the installation of skin cancer.